Policy Brief – “ATOMIC” Sanctions: No Simple Solutions
The issue of sanctions against the Russian nuclear energy industry has become not only a matter of reducing the aggressor’s revenues which it uses to finance military operations. Russia’s significant presence in the energy chains of many countries is already a matter of global nuclear security. The actions of the Russian Federation in the oil and gas segments directly indicate that it treats any cooperation in the energy sector as a tool of blackmail to solve political issues, and the seizure and destabilization of the Zaporizhzhia NPP with the involvement of representatives of Rosatom also indicates a terrorist component of Russia’s actions.
Rosatom has more than 300 enterprises in its structure, some of which closely cooperate with the military-industrial complex and supply materials and technologies for the production of weapons. These companies, without sanctions restrictions, are also able to import dual-use goods that can be diverted to meet military needs.
The optimal solution should include measures to counteract the Russian nuclear industry in all three dimensions: scientific research and participation in international organizations, contracts for operating nuclear power plants and new projects abroad.
The document was prepared with the support of the National Endowment for Democracy. The responsibility for the content of this document lies with the NGO “DIXI GROUP” and under no circumstances can the content be considered to reflect the position of the National Endowment for Democracy